Thursday, September 20, 2018
From the May 8, 2018 GoErie.com "Ellwood City helps Pearl Harbor survivor celebrate 100th birthday
Joe Gaspar was on maneuvers on a hill above Pearl harbor when the attack came. He remembered: "At first we didn't know what was going on, but the planes came over so low we could see the faces of the Japanese.
"There were three waves of planes. Bombs were dropping everywhere. My command car was hit, and I was thrown down a 70-foot cliff.
Mr. Gaspar was in the 21st Infantry and served from August 1839 to August 1945. During that time he received three Bronze Stars.
From the September 14, 2018, Chicago Tribune by Emily Langer, Washington Post.
Wakako Yamauchi was living behind barbed wire, poring over books in a tar paper-covered barrack that doubled as a library when she discovered the depth of her love of literature.
She was at the time a 17-year-old Nisei, or first generation Japanese-American confined with her family to the Poston Internment camp in Arizona. They were among the 120,000 Japanese and Japanese-Americans imprisoned by the U.S. government in such centers during World War II.
Her most famous work was "And the Soul Shall Dance" which grew from her youth as the daughter of itinerant migrant farmers in California. The work is sometimes described as a Japanese "Grapes of Wrath."
Wednesday, September 19, 2018
Ideal Industries was founded in 1916 by J. Walter Becker as the Ideal Commutator Dresser Company in Chicago, Illinois, manufacturing commutator dresser stones. In 1924, he relocated the company to where it is now in Sycamore, Illinois.
By 1949, it had become the leading producer of wire nuts in the United States.
The Merriam-Webster dictionary says a commutator is a series of bars or segments connected to the armature coils of a generator or motor so that the rotation of the arm will in conjunction with a set of fixed brushes convert alternating current to direct current.
I still don't know what this is.
Tuesday, September 18, 2018
In the last post I mentioned the name of this company. I had no idea what they made or did, so had to look it up and I found an article about it in good ol' Wikipedia.
From Wikipedia Ideal Industries
An American company that today produces connectors, hand tools, testers and meters for electrical and telecommunications industries.
The company makes many of its products in the United States. It also owns Western Forge and Pratt-Read, the largest and second-largest American-made producers of screwdrivers at the time of their acquisitions. Its tools are sold at Lowe's and Ace Hardware stores as well as many independent distributors.
Oh, They Make Those. --GreGen
Monday, September 17, 2018
From the July 11, 2018, MidWeek "Looking Back."
1943, 75 Years Ago.
"Manufactured articles of the Ideal Commutator Dresser Company pertaining to the war effort, have been placed on display at the offices of the Chamber of Commerce, and attracting considerable attention.
"The Ideal is one of the industries in this city working night and day for the war effort and the many articles shown at the Chamber office depict in a small way, what is being done at the west side plant."
Working Day and Night for the War Effort. --GreGen
From the August 8, 2018, MidWeek "Looking Back."
1943, 75 Years Ago.
"Among the fourteen dogs which left Rockford today for war service were two from DeKalb, their owners being Wilbur C. Watson and C.B. Watson. W.W. Dorwood, Rockford area director of Dogs for Defense the group today runs the count to 78 dogs which have been sent from the district.
"The recruits must be purebreds or mixed breeds that is a cross of not more than two breeds. The heavier breeds, particularly farm collies, Doberman pinschers and German shepherds make the best recruits."
The dogs were probably trained at Camp Grant in Rockford.
Fido Goes to War. --GreGen
Friday, September 14, 2018
On this date in 1949, Congress passed the Selective Service Act.
This was the first time in U.S. history that a peace time draft was enacted. The United Staes, of course, was preparing fir entry into World War II.
John S. McCain, Jr. entered the United States Naval Academy at age 16 in 1927 and accumulated many demerits and had just mediocre grades. He was also known as a drinker and quite the partier, very dangerous during Prohibition. He graduated in 1931 #423rd out of 441.
Upon graduation, he was appointed ensign and assigned to the battleship Oklahoma. (His father had also spent time on the doomed cruiser USS San Diego which was sunk by a mine during Wold War I.) The USS Oklahoma was sunk at Pearl Harbor in 1941.
While stationed on the USS Oklahoma, based in Long Beach, California, he met Roberta Wright and when her parents objected, they eloped and were married in Tijuana, Mexico.
He managed to get into Submarine School at Naval Submarine Base New London in Connecticut. There he placed #28 out of 29.
Next came service on the old World War I-era submarines S-45 and R-13. In 1940 and early 1941, he was on the more modern Skipjack. In April 1941, he received his first command, the World War I submarine O-8. This ship had been decommissioned in 1931, but with WW II imminent, was called back to duty as a training ship with McCain in command.
His father, John S. McCain Sr. was an admiral in the U.S. Navy and a naval aviator, and the two became the first father-son pair to achieve the four-star rank of admiral.
His son, John S. McCain III, was a former naval aviator (and USNA graduate as was his father and grandfather) who was a prisoner of North Vietnam during his father's time as CINCPAC who retired with the rank of captain and became a U.S. senator from Arizona and was the 2008 Republican nominee for president.
Two grandsons are now in the U.S. Navy and Marines.
Thursday, September 13, 2018
(January 17, 1911 to March 22, 1081)
He was the father of Senator John McCain. I have been writing about Sen. McCain's grandfather, John McCain Sr. in my Cooter's History Thing and in this blog as he was in both wars. As you'll see, John McCain Jr. also played a big role in World War II.
United States Navy admiral who served in conflicts from the 1940s through the 1970s, including Commander, United States Pacific Command.
The son of a Navy officer, he grew up in Washington, D.C.. Graduated from the USNA in 1931, after which he entered the submarine service. During World War II he commanded submarines in several different theaters of action and was responsible for sinking several Japanese ships and received a Bronze Star.
After the war, he held command in several commands, specializing in amphibious warfare. In 1965, he led the U.S. invasion of the Dominican Republic. A staunch anti-Communist and an advocate of a strong naval presence, he became known as "Mr. Seapower".
During the Vietnam War, McCain was Commander-In-Chief, Pacific Command (CINCPAC), commander of all U.S. forces in Vietnam from 1968 to 1972.
Wednesday, September 12, 2018
From the May 9, 2018, MidWeek (DeKalb County, Illinois) "Looking Back."
1943, 75 Years Ago.
"The DeKalb War Price and Rationing Board urges all motorists to check their tires closely at frequent intervals so as to not let them get by the recapping condition.
"There is a shortage of tires and the board has only been able to fill but a fraction of the eligible applications to date. With the shortage expected to remain motorists are being urged to have their tires recapped."
Admiral McCain held several commands during World War II's Pacific campaigns. He was a pioneer of aircraft carrier operations which proved to be the turning point of the war in the Pacific.
In 1942, he commanded all land-based aviation operations in support of the Guadalcanal Campaign, and in 1944-1945 he aggressively led the First Carrier Task Force. His operations off the Philippines and Okinawa and air strikes against Formosa and the Japanese home islands caused tremendous destruction of Japanese naval and air forces in the closing months of the war.
Sadly, the stress of his war service took a drastic toll on his health, and McCain died of a heart attack four days after the formal Japanese surrender. His death was front page news across the United States.
Several of his descendants also graduated from the USNA at Annapolis. He and his son, John S. McCain Jr. were the first father-son pair to achieve four-star admiral rank in the U.S. Navy. His grandson, John S. McCain III also graduated from Annapolis and became a U.S. senator from Arizona and was the Republican candidate for president in the 2008 election.
Two great grandsons have also graduated from the USNA and both are currently serving.
I'll have to research Senator John McCain's father.
What A Family. --GreGen
Tuesday, September 11, 2018
From the chicagoareafire.com site.
Whereas, Tinley Park has evidently not done anything with their piece of the World Trade Center wreckage, Algonquin, Illinois, has.
The Algonquin-Lake in the Hills Firefighters Association is building a memorial on the north end of Riverfront Park. Construction on the memorial started last week after agreements were approved by the Village of Algonquin and fire protection district and is on track to be finished in time for a September 11 dedication.
The memorial will consist of a brick paver circle 40 feet in diameter with the World Trade Center beam in the middle and landscaping around it.
Dan Teson said the association got the beam from the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. He and two other firefighters flew to New York City in November to accept the donation and were met there by one of the firefighter's fathers, who drove his truck. They picked up the beam at a hangar outside LaGuardia Airport, and the father and son drove it to Illinois.
Monday, September 10, 2018
From the United States World War I Centennial Commission "Remembering the World War I service of John "Slew" McCain" by Chris Isleib.
A few weeks ago, our country lost one of our greatest heroes, Senator John McCain. He was in the U.S. Navy and his father and grandfather were both admirals in the Navy and both fought in World War II. All three men were named John McCain with the senator being the III.
This is his grandfather's role in World War I and the interwar:
After his service in World War I, which was primarily convoy duty in the Atlantic Ocean aboard the USS San Diego (which was sunk by a mine placed by a U-boat off Long Island, New York two months after he transferred off it) he advanced in rank and became an expert in the budding field of Naval Aviation.
These skills would prove critical to American efforts when World War began.
Sunk in the Battle of Java Sea on March 1, 1942 Eight died. Eighty percent of the ship has been removed.
Sunk at the Battle of Java Sea on March 1, 1942. Loss of 40 crew members. Nothing remains of this ship.
Sunk three days before the HMS Encounter. Fifty-four dead. Almost half of this ship has been removed.
Sank near Endau, Malaysia on January 27, 1942. It is now "broken Up."
A Horrible Thing. --GreGen
Saturday, September 8, 2018
Besides the HMS Repulse and HMS Prince of Wales, the other eight ships:
SS LOCH RANZA-- Seven crew members died after this merchant ship was attacked by Japanese aircraft before sinking off Indonesia in February 1942.
HMS TIEN KWANG-- Sunk with the HMS Kuala south of Singapore on February 14, 1942. 298 lives were lost, many civilians being evacuated from Singapore.
HMS KUALA--Newly plundered. This patrol vessel and the HMS Tien Kwang were hit south of Singapore as they headed for Jakarta Around 200 men, women and children died.
HMS BANKA-- Newly plundered. This minelayer sank off the coast of Malaysia on December 9, 1941, with the loss of 38 lives. Previous looting means nothing of its remains are left.
And, there are four more.
The battleship HMS Prince of Wales and battle cruiser HMS Repulse were both sunk 10 December 1941. This incident is often referred to as Britain's Pearl Harbor. These two ships were part of Force Z which also included four destroyers sent out to stop the Japanese invasion of Malaya. They had no air cover.
Earlier in 1941, the Prince of Wales had participated in the sinking of the German battleship Bismarck and had also ferried Winston Churchill across the Atlantic for a secret summit where he and FDR signed the Atlantic Charter, a document that paved the way for the United Nations.
The HMS Repulse was a World War I battle cruiser.
Friday, September 7, 2018
From the August 18, 2018, Daily Mail (UK) "Desecration of British war graves: Chinese pirates plunder ten shipwrecks carrying remains of UK's Second World War heroes." Abul Taher and Nick Craven.
** Ten ships
** Final resting place of more than 1,000 British sailors
** Defence (British spelling) Secretary Gavin Williamson demands an immediate investigation
The ten ships are off the coasts of Malaysia and Indonesia.
HMS Prince of Wales
These two ships were part of Britain's Force Z.
835 men died on these two ships
Half of the Prince of Wales' hull has been plundered, mostly in the past two years. Some 327 died on this ship, including Admiral Tom Phillips, the highest-ranking British military figure to die in the war.
Thursday, September 6, 2018
From the August 29, 2018, MidWeek "Looking Back."
1943, 75 Years Ago.
"The south mill of the Anaconda in Sycamore is now on a three-shift basis. The mill is engaged in filling an important war contract and is engaged in nothing else at this time.
"More help is needed there. Not only because of the war time shortage but because several younger workers are planning to return to school this fall. Many women are on duty in all three shifts. They are of all ages, from young to gray haired."
My Answer: Dead Pirates. --GreGen
Wednesday, September 5, 2018
The B-17 bomber called Just -A-Snappin is one of the better known planes in 100th lore.
She is best remembered for bringing her crew back from Bremen on October 8, 1943, as is described in this account by Lt. Harry H. Crosby: "Leading a large formation of B-17s, we were hit hard over the target, spun out of control and saved from crashing by the superb efforts of our pilot and command pilot.
"With two engines knocked out, we were forced to head home alone at low altitude, our plane riddled by over 1,200 shell holes by actual count, one crewman mortally wounded and five severely injured.
"When we were attacked repeatedly by Luftwaffe fighters along the way, our gunners shot down ten of them. Unable to ditch in the North Sea because of our wounded or to make it over our own airfield, we crash-landed at a 'dummy' airfield on the English coast."
Quite An Accomplishment. --GreGen