Monday, April 23, 2018
The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Not to be confused with the 1944 Warsaw Uprising.
The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising took place in 1943 as an act of Jewish resistance to the Nazi effort to clear them out of the Warsaw Ghetto and transport them to the Trebinka Concentration Camp.
It started on April 19, 1943 and the German commander responded by burning the Ghetto block by block. It ended May 16. Some 13,000 Jews died, with about half of them burned to death or suffocated. German casualties are not known, but under 300.
It was the largest single revolt by Jews against the Nazis during the war.
When the Germans took over Poland, they started moving Jews to ghettos in the major cities. The Warsaw Ghetto was the largest of them with between 300,000 and 400,000 Jews.