Monday, June 25, 2018
The Peshtigo Firestorm of 1871-- Part 3: Operation Gomorrah
In Europe, Allied airstrikes at Dresden and Hamburg were carefully planned to turn into incendiary firestorms
Indeed, the destruction at Hamburg was code named "Operation Gomorrah." Hamburg, because of its industry, shipyards, U-boat pens and oil refineries, made it a major target for Allied attacks all throughout the war. But the last week of July 1943 Operation Gomorrah created one of the largest firestorms of the war.
Some 42,600 civilians were killed and 37,00 wounded by Royal Air Force and U.S. Army Air Force and virtually destroyed most of the city.
It had not rained for some time and everything was very dry. The concentrated bombing created a vortex and a super-heated air which created a 460 meter tornado of fire.